What is autism?
Autism is a lifelong, developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with and relates to other people, and how they experience the world around them.
The National Autistic Society website gives lots of information about autism and the Autistic Spectrum. To find out more, please click here https://www.autism.org.uk/about/what-is.aspx
What is ADHD?
ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, a complex brain disorder. Neuroscience, brain imaging, and clinical research challenge the old understanding of ADHD as a behaviour disorder. We now understand that ADHD is a developmental impairment of the brain’s self-management system — its executive functions.
It usually starts in early childhood with the core behaviours of ADHD typically present from before the age of 7 years and symptoms sometimes persisting into adulthood.
What are the key symptoms of ADHD?
The symptoms of ADHD include:
Inattentiveness – inability to concentrate for a long time or finish tasks, disorganisation and forgetfulness.
Hyperactivity – fidgetiness, inability to stay still or restlessness.
Impulsivity – speaking and doing things without thinking about consequences, interrupting other people, inability to wait or take turns.
Who does ADHD affect and how common is the condition?
ADHD affects all sexes but is more common in boys (3.6%) than girls (0.85%) in the UK. Because of increasing recognition of ADHD, 3 out of every 1000 children were found to be receiving medication for the condition in the late 1990s compared to 0.5 for every 1000 children 30 years ago. It affects 3-4% of adults in the UK, as well.
For more information about ADHD, the ADHD Foundation have produced this useful resource with a great deal of information about the condition and how it should be supported.